Guernsey: An Attractive Domicile for South African Private Wealth
Guernsey is one of the leading tax-free jurisdictions for the administration of international private wealth. Although a Crown Dependency and represented internationally by the UK Government, it is autonomous and has its own Parliament and its own tax regime. The island uses the British pound but also issues its own banknotes.
Guernsey’s finance industry benefits from a firm foundation of political and economic stability and the island boasts a sophisticated and comprehensive legislative and regulatory infrastructure. Guernsey is highly regarded by Governments and Regulators worldwide for rigorous compliance with international standards and its quality of regulation. Thanks to a long track record of fiscal prudence, Guernsey has an enviable AA+ credit rating and tight management of public spending ensures that Guernsey can remain a leading tax-free jurisdiction for international private wealth.
Guernsey’s Relationship with South Africa
For decades Guernsey has been establishing and managing private structures for individuals and families across the African Continent. Professionals on the Island have been advising clients on transactions with a wide ranging focus, from corporate work in the natural resources, mining and energy sectors, through to funds and infrastructure projects, as well as private wealth management and personal relocation.
Many well known South African firms have established a presence in Guernsey including banks such as FirstRand Bank and Investec and insurance companies such as Momentum and Old Mutual. Guernsey’s proven stability, proximity to London and access to all the major markets have been key factors in attracting organisations to establish a presence on the island.
Services Available in Guernsey
The services available, include:
- Private wealth management through discreet structures for individuals of African origin who are resident as expats elsewhere in the world.
- Hedging of private wealth value by holding assets in a strong currency (£, $, € etc).
- Establishment of robust vehicles for the preservation of family wealth.
- Establishment of trading and/or holding companies for business outside of South Africa as part of an international business operation.
- Establishment of corporate vehicles for investment into the development of natural resources in Africa.
- Fund establishment and administration aimed specifically at Southern African portfolio investors.
- Through the Channel Islands Securities Exchange (CISE) the opportunity to raise capital from international investors and in addition easy access to the London financial markets.
- Many South African residents use Guernsey as the destination for their annual foreign investment allowance of R 10,000,000. This enables them to hedge against the fluctuations of the Rand and to manage a proportion of their family wealth outside of South Africa.
- Guernsey is regarded as an immigration destination for individuals seeking to move to Europe and to establish international businesses.
Structures Available in Guernsey and Popular with South African Clients
- Guernsey Companies
Guernsey excels in offering traditional services to private clients and being at the forefront of new developments. With modern Company Law and a cutting edge Registry, Guernsey is a leading jurisdiction for company formation.
Standard limited liability companies remain the most popular choice; however some families now prefer the ‘cellular’ approach, using either a protected cell company or an incorporated cell company. Such companies have been used to divide assets and liabilities between family members, or to provide for different assets to be held separately – for example, real estate, a traditional portfolio, trading assets (with potentially significant liabilities).
Companies have also been structured to separate control from economic ownership, allowing younger members or a wider family group to benefit, while control is retained by selected individuals. A company limited by guarantee is particularly appropriate for this purpose, as it recognises a class of member who may have no interest in the capital of the company, while at the same time allowing for the issue of shares.
South African clients have also found open-ended companies attractive, particularly for holding family businesses, allowing family members to add to or withdraw from the capital of the company, usually subject to the directors’ consent. Such companies are frequently used in conjunction with a trust at shareholder level.
The concept of a trust originated in medieval times, under Anglo-Saxon law, but their usage has now spread worldwide, particularly to those countries such as South Africa, which have Common Law as a basis for their legislation.
The principal reasons to use an international trust remain; the protection of assets and passing wealth across generations in a controlled and effective manner. However, consideration must be given to the tax liabilities of the settlor, including Donations Tax in South Africa.
- Private Trust Companies
A particularly interesting way of providing involvement for the family, or certain members, at trustee level, is the establishment of a private trust company (PTC) to act as trustee of the family trust.
These structures have become the vehicles of choice for owning and administering the assets of wealthy families. The PTC might be owned by one or more family members or by another trust. In principle it allows involvement in the management of one or more trusts by way of board membership, thus giving the family a greater element of control over the disposition of the family wealth.
- Private Limited Partnerships
Private limited partnerships have proved particularly popular as a means of one generation retaining control, via the General Partner, and another generation gradually receiving benefit through the transfer of limited partnership interests. The responsibilities and role as General Partner may be passed over at an appropriate time in the future.
Many of the above concepts will be easily recognisable in South Africa with its Common Law heritage.
In 2013 Guernsey introduced legislation allowing for the creation of foundations, which are a Civil Law concept. Foundations have some characteristics that are similar to those of a company, with a separate legal personality and a management board known as a Council. The foundation model allows flexibility in drafting to confer corporate status and to provide maximum confidentiality. Foundations are entirely independent and have no shares and no members, nor any concept of share capital. This gives the governing body, the Council, very wide power to manage the assets of the foundation.
All of the structures above are, in principle, not subject to Guernsey taxation. This is provided that the income generated arises outside of Guernsey and those who benefit also reside outside of Guernsey.
Why Choose the Dixcart Group in Guernsey?
Dixcart is an independent group that has been in existence for over forty years assisting a large proportion of individuals and businesses from Eastern and Southern Africa. We have ten offices worldwide including an office in Johannesburg, South Africa, and several senior members of staff of South African origin throughout the Group.
In considering structures for South African clients it is essential to ensure that the use of such structures does not trigger unintentional tax consequences in South Africa. We therefore work very closely with our clients’ advisers to ensure that any structure put in place is appropriate and that each client clearly understands his/her South African reporting obligations.
Dixcart has the experience and expertise to manage every aspect of international private wealth, including:
- Cost effective creation of Guernsey based structures to assist with international trade, investments and estate planning.
- Maintenance of assets in a politically stable, professional environment and in a hard currency.
- Supporting individuals moving overseas through various residences schemes, some of which offer the additional advantage of a passport.
- Aircraft, ship and yacht ownership services, such as registration and tax advice.
- Unquestionable integrity and discretion.
- An established presence in several jurisdictions to provide exponential opportunities for private wealth management and export business solutions.
For additional information regarding the Dixcart Group or to find out more about the benefits that the jurisdiction of Guernsey has to offer please contact John Nelson firstname.lastname@example.org or Steven de Jersey email@example.com at our Guernsey office.
Dixcart Trust Company Limited Guernsey: Full Fiduciary Licence granted by the Guernsey Financial Services Commission
Guernsey registered company number: 6512.